1. The British Parliament announced the Independence Act on 18 July 1947.
2. The National Anthem of Pakistan is written by Hafiz Jalandhri.
3. Chauhdry Rehmat Ali did introduce the term Pakistan in his pamphlet in 1933.
4. Who chose the name of Pakistan? Chaudry Rehmat Ali (16-11-1897 To 03-02-1951)
5. Geographically Pakistan is situated in South Asia.
6. Pakistan’s National Flag was prepared by Ameer-ud-din Qadwai.
7. Pakistan’s standard time was suggested by Professor Muhammad Anwar.
8. The word Pakistan means Holy Land.
9. The Founder of Pakistan is Quaid-e-Azam.
10.The first session of the first Constituent Assembly of Pakistan was held on 10th August 1947.
11. Quaid-e-Azam M.A. Jinnah’s name was read in khutba at the Pakistan colony mosque by the Sindh education minister Pir Illahi Bukhsh on 22 August 1947.
12.Founder of Pakistan M.A. Jinnah declared unequivocally that “it is impossible to work for a democratic parliamentary government in India” in a press interview given to Manchester
13. The first governor-general of Pakistan was Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
14. Mian Abdur Rashid took the oath of The Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah as the first Governor-
General of Pakistan.
15.The politician who served as both Governor-General and Prime Minister of Pakistan was Khawja Nazimuddin.
16. The second Governor-General of Pakistan Khawaja Nazim-ud-Din.
17. The first Prime Minister of Pakistan? Liyaqat Ali Khan.
36. The Prime Minister of Pakistan during enforcement of first constitution Chaudhary Mohammad Ali.
37. The official name was given to Pakistan in 1956 constitution was Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
38. What age was prescribed for President in 1956 constitution? 40 years
39.In respect of religion what term was set for President and Prime Minister in the 1956 Constitution? He must be a Muslim ( this condition applies only to the president. PM may
40.What was the official language declared in 1956 constitution? Urdu and Bangali.
41. On 7 October 1958, President Iskander Mirza staged a coup d’état. He abrogated the constitution, imposed martial law, and appointed General Muhammad Ayub Khan as the Chief Martial Law Administrator and Aziz Ahmad as Secretary-General and Deputy Chief Martial Law Administrator.
42.First martial law in Pakistan was imposed in 1958.
43.Number of Prime Ministers till 1958 was 7.
44. Ayub Khan enforced the new constitution in Pakistan on 8th June 1962.
45.Which kind of system of Government was introduced by the 1962 constitution?
46.When the constitution of 1962 was abrogated? 26th March 1969 by Ayub Khan.
47.Who abrogated the 1962 constitution and became CMLA? Gen Yahya Khan.
48.The Legal Frame Work Order, which amended the constitution of Pakistan unilaterally was issued by GenYahya Khan.
49.Who was the first leader of opposition in the first National Assembly constituted under the 1962 constitution of Pakistan Sardar Bahadur Khan.
50.When the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan 1973, was promulgated. Who was the opposition leader in the national assembly at that time? Khan Abdul Wali Khan.
51. When Mr. Z.A. Bhutto launched a new constitution in the country? 14th August 1973.
52.Which kind of system of Government was introduced in the 1973 constitution? Parliamentary.
53.Which article of the constitution of 1973 is related to the affairs of Zakat? Article 31.
69. In which year did the East India Company (EIC) occupied Punjab? 1849
70. Which reforms introduced a separate electorate for Hindus and Muslims? Minto-Morley Reforms (The Indian Councils Act 1909).
71.Rowlatt Act came into operation in 1919.
72.The Nehru Report was published on 28 August 1928.
73. When did Fatima Jinnah join the All India Muslim league? 1939
74. All India Muslim League observed the “Direct Action Day” on August 16, 1946.
75.How many Muslim seats were secured by the All India Muslim League in 1945-46 Election of Provincial assemblies? 425.
76. Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah had which of the following Occupation? Dentist
77.When did Quaid-e-Azam start his legal practice in Bombay (Mumbai)? 1896
78. “Dehli proposal” was published in which year? 1927.
79. When did Quaid e Azam join the All India Muslim league? 1913.
80.Quaid-e-Azam mother name was? Mithibai Jinnah.
81.Pakistan’s first coin was issued on? 3rd January 1948.
82. Where the biggest Salt Mine located in Pakistan? Jhelum.
83. The longest river in Pakistan is? River Sindh.
84.Which is the national flower of Pakistan? Jasmine.
85.Which is the national Animal of Pakistan? Markhor.
86.What Is the National Tree of Pakistan? Deodar.
87.Which is the national bird of Pakistan? Chakor.
88.National Fish of Pakistan is? Mahseer.
89. Who started the Faraizi Movement? Haji Shariat Ullah.
90. Faraizi Movements was primarily a religious movement. Dudu Mian transferred it to a Guerrilla Movement.
91. The archaeological site “Kot Diji” is located near the city of Khairpur.
92.The Soan and the Haro are the two rivers of Potohar Plateau.
93. The ‘Kashaf-ul-Mahjub’ was written by Hazrat Data Gunj Buksh (R.A).
94. Who Reviewed the famous book “The Indian Musalmans” in 1872? Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.
95. Government of India Act 1858 was passed on? 2nd August 1858.
96.The book, “Khutbat e Ahmadia’ is written by? Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.
97. Indian Independence Act’ was enforced on? 15th August 1947.
98. Allama Muhammad Iqbal delivered his famous Allahabad Address in? 1930.
99. In which year British East India Company occupied Punjab? 1849.
100. At the time of Independence which community was in majority in the state of Kashmir? Muslim.
101. Which state was attacked by India on 11th September 1948? State of Hyderabad Daccan.
102. India has constructed Baglihar Dam on the Chenab River.
103. Kashmir sold to Gulab Singh in 1846.
104. The Kashmiris started their freedom movement against Dogra rule before the partition of the sub-continent in the year 1930.
105. The Indian National Congress was found in Bombay.
106. All India Muslim League was found in Dhaka.
107. Hazrat Shah Wali Ullah is regarded as Imam-ul-Hind.
108. Hazrat Shah Wali Ullah was born on 21 Feb. 1703 in Delhi, four years before the death of Aurangzeb.
109. Shah Wali Ullah’s real name was Qutb-ud-Din Ahmed.
110. Shah WaliUllahs two sons Shah Rafiuddin and Shah Abdul Qadir prepared Urdu versions of the Holy Quran.
111. Shah WaliUllah translated the Quran into Persia.
1112. The works of Shah Waliullah is in Arabic and Persian languages.
113. Syed Ahmed began his services as Sawar in the services of Nawab Amir Khan, the ruler of Tonk.
114. Tonk was declared Dar-ul-Harb by Shah Abdul Aziz.
115. Shah Abdul Aziz and Syed Ahmed Shaheed were from Naqshbandi Order. Syed Ahmed was the follower of Shah Abdul Aziz.
116. Syed Ahmed Shaheed was born on Nov. 29, 1786, in a family of Rai Bareilly.
117. Syed Ahmed Shaheed left for Makkah in 1821.
118. Haji Shariyat ullah began his Fraizi Moement in the center of Bengal.
119. Haji Shariyat Ullah declared Jihad against the infidels as inevitable and declared Sub-continent Dar-ul-Harb where the offering of Friday Prayers was unlawful.
120. Haji Shariyat Ullah during his stay in Arabia was very much impressed by the teachings of Sheikh Muhammad Abdul Wahab who had initiated the Wahabi Movement.
121. Haji Shariyat Ullah was born in the village of Faridpur. (1781-1830)
122. The successor of Haji Shariyat Ullah was his son Mohsin-ud-Din Ahmed(1819-1862) popularly known as Dudu Miyan.
123. Mir Nasir Ali (172-1831)was popularly known as Titu Mir. He was an important leader of the Muslim peasantry of Bengal.
124. Titu Mir formed a sect of Maulis among his followers.
125. Sir Syed (17 October 1817 – 27 March 1898), commonly known as Sir Syed Ahmed Khan (also Sayyid Ahmed Khan), was an Islamic pragmatist, Islamic reformer, and philosopher of nineteenth-century British India.
126. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan is considered the pioneer of Muslim nationalism in India and is widely credited as the father of the Two-Nation Theory which formed the basis of the Pakistan movement.
127. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was born in Delhi and died at Aligarh.
128. Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780 – 1839), popularly known as Sher-e-Punjab or “Lion of Punjab”, was the leader of the Sikh Empire. He ruled the northwest Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century. He survived smallpox in infancy but lost sight in his left eye.
129. Gurdwara Panja Sahib is a famous Gurdwara of Sikhism located in Hasan Abdal, Pakistan.
130. Rajendra Prasad was an Indian independence activist, lawyer, scholar, and subsequently, the first President of India.
131. The first premier, Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan, was assassinated in Rawalpindi on October 16, 1951.
132. During Mirza’s rule, the new Constitution was approved by the Constituent Assembly on February 29, 1956, and was promulgated on March 23, 1956.
132. The first Constitution of Pakistan was based on the Objectives Resolution, which was adopted on March 12, 1949. This constitution proclaimed the Dominion of Pakistan as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Iskander Mirza was sworn in as its first president.
133. On the fateful day of October 7, 1958, Iskander Mirza proclaimed martial law throughout the country and appointed the Army Chief, General Muhammad Ayub Khan, as Chief Martial Law Administrator. The constitution was abrogated, central and provincial governments were dismissed, National and provincial assemblies stood dissolved, and all political parties were abolished. The next day, the president appointed an Advisory Council, consisting of the secretary-general and seven secretaries of ministries.
134. On October 24, 1958, President Mirza constituted a 12-man Central Cabinet, including General Azam Khan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, and Manzoor Qadir. General Ayub Khan was appointed prime minister. Iskander Mirza relinquished his office of president on October 27, 1958, and handed over all powers to CMLA Ayub Khan, who promulgated the Presidential Cabinet Order the next day according to which the Cabinet would have no prime minister and it would work directly under the president.
135. One year after taking power (October 27, 1959), General Ayub became Field Marshal and promulgated the Basic Democracies Order, providing for the constitution of Basic Democratic institutions ranging from the Union Councils to Provincial Development Advisory Councils. He held the elections for Basic Democracy Units on January 2, 1960, electing their 80,000 members by adult franchise.
136. Ayub Khan was sworn in as elected President on February 17, 1960. On June 8, 1962, he announced to lift martial law after nearly four years, and also took the oath of the office of the President under the new Constitution, enacted by him on March 1, 1962, providing a presidential form of government.
137. The second instance was when the then Army Chief, General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan, declared Martial law, dissolved the assemblies, and assumed the office of the president after Ayub Khan stepped down as President on March 25, 1969, and handed over powers to him.
138. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Chairman Pakistan People’s Party, took over as president and the first civilian Chief Martial Law Administrator on December 20, 1971.
139. The army staged a third coup when General Ziaul Haq overthrew the Bhutto government and took over as CMLA on July 5, 1977. The federal and provincial governments were dismissed; political parties were banned; National and provincial assemblies were dissolved; the constitution was put in abeyance; civil courts continued to function as usual but fundamental rights were suspended.
140. Zia’s martial law came to an end on December 30, 1985.
141. Pakistan came under military rule again on October 12, 1999, when General Pervez Musharraf seized power in a bloodless coup and dissolved the elected government of Nawaz Sharif. However, no Martial law was imposed.
142. As announced by Musharaf on July 11, 2002, general elections were held on October 10, 2002. But before the elections, a referendum was held on April 30, 2002, for him to be elected as the president for another five years.
143. On November 3, 2007, Musharaf declared the state of emergency in the country which is claimed to be equivalent to the state of martial law as the constitution was suspended. On November 12, 2007, Musharraf issued some amendments to the Military Act, which gave the armed forces some additional powers.
144. Pervez Musharraf, who ruled Pakistan as Chief Executive from 1999-2002 and as president from 2001-08, resigned on August 18, 2008, in the face of impeachment. Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, and Shaukat Aziz served as elected prime ministers during his era.
145. On November 10, 1977, the Supreme Court unanimously validated the imposition of martial law, under the doctrine of necessity. In its judgment dismissing Begum Nusrat Bhutto’s petition challenging detention under martial law of former Prime Minister Z.A. Bhutto and 10 others, the nine-member court headed by Chief Justice Anwarul Haq observed that after massive rigging of elections followed by complete breakdown of law and order situation bringing the country on the brink of disaster, the imposition of martial law had become inevitable.