Improve Your Vocabulary

Pariah:      persona non grata, outcast

Utopia:         paradise, heaven

Flotilla:     fleet of ships
Reincarnation:      rebirth, metempsychosis
Squalid:     dirty, filthy, grubby, grimy, mucky. slummy, slumlike

Stuarts: the name of the family of kings and queens of Scotland from 1371 to 1714.

Boredom: the state of feeling bored

Superseded:  to take the place of something/somebody that is considered to be old-fashioned 

Patronymic: a name formed from the name of your father or a male ancestor

Appendices: a small bag of tissue that is attached to the large intestine.

Anglicized: make English in form or character.

Annoy: irritate

Vitally: extremely; in an essential way

Defiantly: in a way that shows you refuse to obey somebody

Canvases: a strong heavy rough material used for making tents

Relics: an object, a tradition, a system, etc. that has survived from the past.

Interspersed:  to put something in something else or among or between other things

Medieval: connected with the Middle Ages (about AD 1000 to AD 1450)

Hiers: a person who inherits and continues the work of a predecessor

Codified: arrange according to a plan or system.

Darning: the skill or activity of mending a hole

Astray:  away from the correct path or direction.

No-fly zone: an area over which aircraft are forbidden to fly,

Intertwined: twisted together so that they are very difficult to separate

Harrowing: making you feel very upset because you are very shocked or frightened

Calligraphy: beautiful handwriting that you do with a special pen or brush

Architecture: the art and study of designing buildings

Inescapable:  a fact or a situation) that you cannot avoid or ignore

Nodded: you move your head up and down to show agreement, understanding

Hieratic: of or concerning Egyptian or Greek styles of art

Protectorate: a state that is controlled and protected by another.

Banished: send (someone) away from a country or place as an official punishment.

Flick: a sudden quick movement.

Euphoria: a feeling or state of intense excitement and happiness.

Bob and weave: make rapid bodily movements up and down and from side to side

Chivalry: knights, noblemen, and horsemen collectively.

Tight-knit: bound together by strong relationships and common interests.

Trickery: the practice of deception.

Epic: heroic or grand in scale or character.

Ode: a classical poem of a kind originally meant to be sung

Endearing: inspiring affection.

Villainy: wicked or criminal behavior

Sagacious: having or showing keen mental discernment and good judgment; wise or shrewd.

Archetype: a very typical example of a certain person or thing.

Clansmen: a male member of a clan.

Meek: quiet, gentle, and easily imposed on; submissive.

Wily: skilled at gaining an advantage, especially deceitfully

Riddled: make many holes in (someone or something), especially with gunshot.

Bizarre: very strange or unusual.

Catapulted: move suddenly

Alexander:  the Great was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon

Wilderness: an uncultivated, uninhabited, and inhospitable region.

Forged: copied fraudulently

Spurned:  rejected with disdain or contempt.

Betrayal: disloyalty

dilapidated:   tumble-down, broken-down.

shackle:  chain, clog, fetter, hamper, manacle, and trammel.

etiquette:   the requirements of behaviors according to the conventions of society.

Sycophant:   One who seeks to gain through the powerful and influential, parasite, a flunky.

Supplant:   to take the place of, to replace.

Supplementation:   displacement.

Succulent:   having fleshy leaves or other tissues that store water.

Unyielding:   Not giving in; not bending; stubborn

Subversive:   Intending to subvert, overturn, or undermine a government or authority.

Vacillate:   to sway unsteadily from one side to the other side.

Tremulous:   trembling, quivering or shaking.

Treacly:   thick and sticky, sentimental speech.

Tenacious:  clinging to an object or surface; adhesive

Temporize:  to delay or to deliberately act evasively or prolong a discussion.

Hi, there:     an informal greeting.
Tribulation:  Any adversity; a trying period or event.

Truculence:   aggressiveness, defiance.

Venality:  (being for sale) enmity, corruption.

Valor:   bravery, the strength of mind in regard to the danger

Versatility:   having many different abilities; flexibility.

Unwitting:   unaware or uninformed; oblivious, clueless, ignorant.

Surfeit:   An excessive amount of something, overeating, overdose.

Supple:   pliant, easy to bend

Tangential:   referring to a tangent, only indirectly related.

Abject:   Miserable

Abnormal:    Not normal
Abrade:      Wear away
Acquit:      Free from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty
Callous:       Insensitive
Cantankerous:    Quarrelsome, irascible
Clandestine:    Kept secret or done secretively, especially because illicit.
Cumbersome:    Heavy or large & therefore difficult to carry or use
Debility:      Physical weakness, especially as a result of illness
Denunciation:     public condemnation of someone or something / informing against someone
Dormant:      Having normal physical functions suspended or slowed down for a period of time; in or as if in a deep sleep
Elucidate:    To make clear
Fastidious:      Careful in all details, meticulous, very difficult to please
Formidable:     Overwhelming, alarming, dreadful
Forsake:      To abandon
Fraught:      causing or affected by anxiety or stress, filled with something undesirable
Gauche:            Tactless
Haughty:           Proud
Hovered:           Remain in one place in the air
Impasse:       A situation in which no progress is possible
Incorrigible:     Not able to be changed or reformed
Inextricable:      Cannot be taken out, irredeemable
Knotty:             Puzzling
Ligature:        Something that is used to bind
Macabre:         Horrible
Modalities:      A Specific mode in which something is expressed or is experienced something exists
Nullify:             Make void
Ostensible:         Apparent
Oust:               To eject
Overt:                  In the open
Pacify:              To calm
Palatial:          Like a palace
Penance:      Punishment inflicted on oneself for expressing repentance for any wrongdoing of one’s own
Pretense:        An attempt to make something that is not the case appears true
Query:            Question
Queue:              Line
Quiet:                 Making no noise
Quintessential:         Representing the most perfect or typical example of a quality or class
Quip:     Witty remark
Radical:     Extreme
Rampage:   Violence
Rapid:          Having great speed
Rapport:         Harmony
Recalcitrant:          Obstinately defiant of authority, difficult to manage
Reliant:          having or showing dependence on something
Robust: Sturdy in construction (in case of objects); strong and rich in flavor and smell (in case of wine or food)
Rogue: A dishonest or unprincipled person.
Sanguine: Optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad situation
Startling:    very surprising, astonishing or remarkable
Stationary:   Unchanging
Stealth:     Secret
Unraveled:     investigated or solved and explained something complicated and difficult / undo twisted or knotted or woven threads
Uproarious:    Noisy
Urbane:     Courteous
Urgent:     Required immediately
Wretchedness:   Extreme misery or unhappiness
Wrought:   Worked into shape by artistry or effort, fashioned, formed
Wry:   Twisted
Zany:   Silly, crazy
Zenith:   Peak
Zombie:   A frightening personAbject: Miserable

extrovert:  an outgoing, socially confident person.
Abate:  to decrease; reduce
Abdicate:  to give up a position, right, or power
Aberrant deviating from what is normal
Abeyance:  temporary suppression or suspension
Abject:  miserable; pitiful
Abjure:  to reject; abandon formally

Abscission:     the act of cutting; the natural separation of a leaf or other part of a plant
Abscond:    to depart secretly
Abstemious:    moderate in appetite
Abstinence:    the giving up of certain pleasures
Abysmal:   very bad
Accretion:  growth in size; increase in the amount
Accrue:  to accumulate; grow by additions
Adamant uncompromising; unyielding
Adjunct:   something added, attached, joined
Admonish:   to caution or reprimand, advice, advise, recommend

Analogous:   Comparable
Anarchy: the absence of government; state of disorder
Anodyne:   something that calms or soothes pain
Anomalous:   irregular; deviating from the norm
Antecedent:   something that comes before
Antediluvian:   prehistoric
Antipathy:   dislike; hostility
Apathy:   indifference
Apex:   the highest point
Apogee:   the point in an orbit most distant from the body being orbited; the highest point

Apogee and Perigee:  The Moon’s orbit around Earth is elliptical. The point of the orbit closest to Earth is called perigee, while the point farthest from Earth is known as apogee.
Apothegm:  a terse; witty saying. maxim

Adulterate:   to corrupt or make impure
Aesthetic:    relating to beauty or art
Affected:    pretentious; phony
Affinity:   fondness; liking; similarity
Aggrandize:   to make larger or greater
Aggregate:    amounting to a whole; total

Alacrity: cheerful willingness; eagerness; speed
Alchemy:     medieval chemical philosophy based on changing metal into gold
Allay:      to lessen; ease; soothe
Alleviate:    to relieve; improve partially
Alloy:    a combination; a mixture of two or more metals
Allure:   the power to entice by charm
Amalgamate:   to combine into a unified whole
Ambiguous:   unclear or doubtful in meaning
Ambivalence:  the state of having conflicting emotional attitudes
Ambrosia:   something delicious; the food of the Gods
Ameliorate:  to improve
Amenable:   agreeable; cooperative; suited
Amenity:    something that increases comfort

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