How Is Pakistan Making Progress On SDGs?

Sustainable_developmet_goals

  1. Photo credit: Premium Times Nigeria.

What are SDGs?

The Sustainable Development Goals are a collection of 17 goals. These goals were set up by UN General Assembly in 2015. They’re aspired to be achieved by 2030.

SGDs are considered blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all.

What are 17 SDGs?

First five SDGs

(1) No Poverty

(2) Zero Hunger

(3) Good Health and Well-being

(4) Quality Education

(5) Gender Equality

Next five SDGs

(6) Clean Water and Sanitation

(7) Affordable and Clean Energy

(8) Decent Work and Economic Growth

(9) Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

(10) Reduced Inequality

Remaining seven SDGs

(11) Sustainable Cities and Communities (12) Responsible Consumption and Production.

(13) Climate Action

(14) Life Below Water

(15) Life On Land

(16) Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions

 (17) Partnerships for the Goals.

SDGs vs MDGs

  • SDGs are 17 in number whereas MDGs were 8 in number.
  • SDGs were built on the successes of the Millennium Development Goals.
  • MDGs only targeted the developing countries whilst SDGs apply to all countries whether rich, middle or poor countries.
  • Number of targets of MDGs were 21 and that of a SDGs are 169.
  • General scope of MDGs was social while that of the SDGs is social, economic, and environmental.
  • Number of indicators in MDGs are 60 while in SDGs are 232.
  • MDGs were launched in the year 2000 whereas SDGs were launched in the year 2015.

When did Pakistan Pakistan affirmed its commitment to SDGs?

Pakistan affirmed its commitment to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by adopting the Sustainable Development Goals as its own national development agenda through a unanimous National Assembly Resolution in 2016. In 2018, the Government designed and approved a National SDGs Framework that envisages a national vision to prioritize and localize SDGs.

About Pakistan’s progress on SDGs

Pakistan’s overall Index score in 2021 is 57.7. This score shows that the country is on average 57.7 per cent on the way to the best possible outcome across the 17 SDGs.

Pakistan’s score in 2021 vs 2020

  • Pakistan’s score this year is 1.5pc higher than the country’s score in 2020.
  • Despite the Covid-19 global pushback, Pakistan’s SDG Global Rank is 129 (out of 193) in 2021, improved by five ranks, 134 (out of 166) in 2020.
  • Pakistan is categorised in the East and South Asia region that comprises 21 countries including China and Singapore, pushing the regional scores upward.
  • Compared to 2020, Pakistan’s performance has increased by 3pc in the region.

What is the perceived cost of completion for SDGs in Pakistan? 

According to an International Monetary Fund study (2021) on the costing of SDGs relating to education, health and physical capital (electricity, roads, and water and sanitation), additional annual spending of about 16pc of GDP will be required until 2030 from the public and private sectors combined to help these SDGs.

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