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The Issues of Higher Education in Pakistan – A Deep Insight

The system of higher education in Pakistan needs a major overhaul to make itself reliable and effective and in accordance with the needs of the modern era of science and technology. We as a nation need to become self-sufficient in medication, vaccination, logistics, real estate, healthcare, as well as surveillance operations.

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Higher Education in Pakistan

Higher education in Pakistan is tertiary-level education. After higher education, one is awarded a professional academic degree. Whether it is a Ph.D. or a Bachelor’s, it is termed tertiary education. The concept of higher education hails from Europe.

The first university was established there during the Middle Ages. This was followed by higher educational institutes in the US, Germany, and France; and in the other countries and territories. The Pakistani education system is flawed. From the first painting in kindergarten to the coveted Ph.D. degree: it is flawed.

Skill sets are shunned while rote-learning and repetition are encouraged. In universities, the professors are bent on teaching old techniques. The books themselves promote memorizing without learning. Therefore, a student has to rely on his/her memory to pass the exams.

Issues of Higher Education in Pakistan

Like many other sectors, the higher education system is confronting so many ills and problems. The majority of teachers are not equipped with the modern knowledge of the subject matter and are aliens to the changing global dynamics with respect to education. Higher education in Pakistan is even worse in remote areas. Buildings are shabby and teachers may not even turn up for class. Therefore, students feel demotivated and left without learning adequate knowledge and skills.

Also Read: Higher Education in Pakistan; ills, and remedies

Impacts of COVID-19 on the Education Sector

Since the very day of independence, higher education could not achieve its proper place in education a scenario of Pakistan resulting in Lower Product Standard and an enhanced number of unemployed graduates. The present system of a college education provides to the student a little choice of disciplines, however, they have to study many subjects that are neither relevant to their present curriculum nor for future studies or employment.
                                                                                                                                                                                           A very small number of college students become doctors, engineers,s or scientists and the majority try their luck in general education. Some of them are definitely successful in getting good jobs through competitive examination by the rest cause increase in the number of unemployed population of the country.
                                                                                                                                                                                                         To sum up, we may list the major weaknesses of higher education in the following manners: irrational policy-making, haphazard changes, sticking with the pre-Independence colonial legacies, higher education without determining future goals, inadequacy in the educational environment, political polarization among college students, and absence of an indigenous model of higher education.

Besides this, the higher education system of Pakistan is flawed in so many respects. For instance, the higher education system still relies on outdated and ancient contents of syllabi, poor focus on polishing the creative abilities of students, substandard exams, fabrication of final results as well as lack of uniformity in education. Pakistan has a long way to go to build a supportive structure conducive to the business activities of students.

Higher education in Pakistan is confronted with a number of issues and challenges. Some of these challenges are as follows:

  • Little uniformity
  • Direction-less education
  • Lack of transparency
  • Poor meritocracy
  • Ancient syllabus
  • High Drop-outs
  • Low-Quality Teachers
  • External and Internal Influences
  • Fewer resources
  • Substandard exams
  • Fabrication of final results
  • Poor supervision
  • Ineffective education policies
  • Missing necessary facilities
  • Overcharging by private-sector institutions
  • Meager strength of faculties
  • Lack of motivation in members of faculty
  • Lack of analytical approach
  • No focus on character-building
  • Small budgets
  • Poor to no focus on the development of teachers

Conclusion

In short, the system of higher education in Pakistan needs a major overhaul to make itself reliable and effective, and in accordance with the needs of the modern era of science and technology. We as a nation need to become self-sufficient in medication, vaccination, logistics, real estate, healthcare, as well as surveillance operations.

To reach all these goals we need to have a comprehensive, self-reliant, cooperative, and affordable system of higher education. Everyone should undertake the responsibility to reform the education system in a manageable and progressive way at least under one’s area of influence. Remodeling the higher education system is not a one day work but requires individual efforts on every possible level, and for this one basic requirement is the change of mindset.

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