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Sine Qua Non: A Must Read One Word Substitution

  1. Verbatim: In exactly the same words as were used originally.
  2. Souvenir: A thing that is kept as a reminder of a person, place, or event.
  3. Dormitory: A large sleeping room with many beds.
  4. Downpour: A heavya continuous rainfall.
  5. simile: a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind.
  6. Metaphor:  a figure of speech that is used to make a comparison between two things that aren’t alike but do have something in common.
  7. Optometrist: An eye doctor that can examine, diagnose, and treat your eyes.
  8. Optician: A professional who can help fit glasses, eye-lenses.
  9. Ophthalmologist: Medical doctor who can perform medical, and surgical interventions for eye conditions.
  10. Wreath: A decorative ring of flowers.
  11. Boulevard: A broad road bordered with trees.
  12. Sojourn: A short stay at a place.
  13. Flock: A group of birds.
  14. Thesaurus: book of synonyms.
  15. Oncology: Study of cancer or tumor.
  16. Parole: When a prisoner is released conditionally before the expiry of his sentence.
  17. Probation: a period of conditional employment or engagement.
  18. Bail: The temporary release of an accused person awaiting trial.
  19. Cryptography: An art of writing in codewords.
  20. Encrypt: Hide via coding.
  21. Scapegoat: A person who is made to bear the misdeeds of another.
  22. Ornithology: Study of birds.
  23. Bullish: When the stock market is on rise.
  24. Bearish: When the stock market is going down.
  25. Fiat: A formal authorization, a proposition.
  26. Arboriculture: cultivation of individual trees, shrubs.
  27. Horticulture: The art or science of cultivating gardens; gardening.
  28. Sericulture: Cultivation of Silkworms. Bombyx mori.
  29. Subway: underground passage.
  30. Garrulous: Excessively talkative, especially on trivial matters.
  31. Versatile: Able to adapt or be adapted to many different functions or activities.
  32. Telepathy: The ability to know the thoughts of others.
  33. Henpecked: plagued or overwhelmed by one’s wife.
  34. Liquidator: An officer who is specially appointed to wind up the affairs of a company when the company is closing.
  35. Insolvent: unable to pay debts.
  36. Arachnology: Study of spiders.
  37. Graphology: Analysis of the physical characteristics and patterns of handwriting with an attempt to identify the writer.
  38. Contraband: smuggled goods.
  39. Acoustics: a study of sounds.
  40. Philately: a study of stamp collection.
  41. Meteorology: Meteorology is the scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting.
  42. Nebula: A nebula is a giant cloud of dust and gas in space.
  43. Dactylography: It refers to the scientific study of fingerprints as a method of identification.
  44. Mode: most repeated value.
  45. Mean/Average: The sum of all the values divided by a number of values.
  46. Median: Middle number when arranged from highest to lowest.
  47. Range: Difference between the highest and lowest values.
  48. Catalog: A list of books available in a library.
  49. Antidote: A medicine that nullifies the effect of poison.
  50. Obituary: A notice of a person’s death, i.e., in a newspaper.
  51. Manuscript: A handwritten document.
  52. Pagan: a person holding religious beliefs other than those of the main world religions.
  53. Teetotaller: One who never takes alcohol.
  54. Idiosyncrasy: A person’s peculiar habit.
  55. Avaricious: One who is greedy for money.
  56. Obsolete: no longer in use.
  57. Insatiable: One who can never be satisfied.
  58. Glutton: One who eats too much.
  59. Valetudinarian: One who always thinks himself to be ill.
  60. Hypochondriac: One who always thinks himself to be ill.
  61. Intestate: One who dies without a will.
  62. Eccentric: One having strange habits.
  63. Samaritan: One who helps others.
  64. Bibliophile: lover of books.
  65. Omniscient: One who knows everything.
  66. Omnipotent: Powerful.
  67. Apostate: One who changes his religion.
  68. Arsonist: One who set things on fire.
  69. Cacographer: One who is bad in spellings.
  70. Connoisseur: A critical judge of any art and craft.
  71. Coquette: A girl/woman who flirts with a man.
  72. Dilettante: A person who cultivates an area of interest, such as the arts, without real commitment or knowledge.
  73. Epicure: Some common synonyms of epicure are gastronome, gourmand, and gourmet. While all these words mean “one who takes pleasure in eating and drinking”.
  74.  Fanatic: One who is filled with excessive enthusiasm in religious matters.
  75. Uxorious: A person who shows a great or excessive fondness for one’s wife.
  76. Virtuoso: One who possesses outstanding technical ability in a particular art or field.
  77. Bevy: A large gathering of people of a particular type.
  78. Brood: A family of young animals.
  79. A closed political meeting: Caucus.
  80. An exclusive circle of people with a common purpose: Clique.
  81. A group of followers hired to applaud at a performance: Claque.
  82. A temporary police force: Posse.
  83. A keeper or custodian of a museum or other collection: Curator.
  84. The branch of biology concerned with cyclical physiological phenomena: Chronobiology.
  85. A secret or disguised way of writing: Cypher.
  86. The theory or philosophy of law: Jurisprudence.
  87. The scientific study of the structure and diseases of teeth: Odontology.
  88. One who presents a radio program: Radio Jockey.
  89. The branch of science concerned with the origin, structure, and composition of rocks: Petrology.
  90. One who studies the elections and trends in voting: Psephologist.
  91. An artist who makes sculptures: Sculptor.
  92. The nursery where babies and young children are cared for during the working day: Creche.
  93. Precinct: Enclosed space.
  94. Emulate: To imitate.
  95. Decanter: wine-bottle, pitcher, bottle.
  96. The nest of a squirrel: Drey.
  97. A storehouse for threshed grain: Granary.
  98. A large building for housing aircraft: Hangar.
  99. A box or cage for keeping rabbits or other small domesticated animals: Hutch.
  100. A place in a large institution for the care of those who are ill: Infirmary.
  101. A small shelter for a Dog: Kennel.
  102. A place where the wild animal lives: Lair.
  103. A place where coins, medals, or tokens are made: Mint.
  104. A collection of wild animals kept in captivity for the exhibition: Menagerie.
  105. Deponent: A witness; especially one who gives information under oath, in a deposition concerning facts known to him or her.
  106. Charlatan: a fake person, especially one who deceives for personal profit.
  107. Hedonism: The belief that pleasure or happiness is the highest good in life.
  108. Renegade: An outlaw or rebel.
  109. Apostle: A missionary, or leader of a religious mission, especially one in the early Christian Church.
  110. Hustle: to rush or hurry.
  111. Augmented: Increase in number, amount, or strength.
  112. Disseminating: spread.
  113. Dilettante: An amateur, someone who dabbles in a field out of casual interest rather than as a profession or serious interest.
  114. Magnum opus: great work.
  115. Precinct: enclosed space
  116. Emulate: to imitate.
  117. Tirade means angry speech.
  118. Transient means temporary
  119. Philanthropist means the welfare-oriented person
  120. Virtue means quality.
  121. Vice means bad quality.
  122. To fight tooth and nail means to fight heroically.
  123. To burn the midnight oil means to work very hard.
  124. An Atheist is a person who doesn’t believe in God.
  125. caitiff  a contemptible or cowardly person (ARCHAIC)


  126. chiaroscuro cloudy, leafy, shaded, shadowy.
  127. Anachronistic (erroneous in date)
  128. Clerisy An elite group of intellectuals; learned people,
  129. Bibulous Very absorbent, Given to or marked by the consumption of the alcoholic drink.
  130. Pabulum food or fodder)
  131. Quisling a traitor
  132. Feral: (wild, untamed, especially of domesticated animals have returned to the wild)
  133. Nymphomaniac (woman with excessive sexual desire)
  134. Demagogue a political leader of people.
  135. Miscegenation inappropriate, the mixing or blending of race.
  136. Interracial: (between or including two or more races)
  137. Alluvial (pertaining to the soil deposited by a stream)
  138. Defenestration The act of throwing something or someone out of a window, or high-profile removal of a person from an organization.


  139. Visceral Having deep sensibility or relating to the viscera—internal organs of the body.
  140. Sot stupid person, fool, drunken.
  141. Hagiography The study of saints and the documentation of their lives. (A biography of a saint.)
  142. Deracinated To pull up by the roots; to uproot; to extirpate
  143. Tousled disarray, too unkempt or uncombed.
  144. Bricolage (disheveled; untidy; dirty; not kept up)


  145. Demiurge A demiurge or craftsman god takes pre-existing matter and fashions it in light of the eternal Forms.

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