Rohingya – the Muslim majority population that has lived with a history of discrimination, persecution, and denial of their due rights still faces the risk of further persecution and genocide. The clouds of uncertainty and fear still linger on the Rohingya and these warning signs largely go unheeded.
An estimated 700,000 Rohingya have fled from Burma to Bangladesh since August 2017 where they live in the overcrowded camps. According to a recent report by the UN, the conditions of Rohingya living in the camps are so deplorable and the signs of repatriation largely remain impossible.
A joint report by the Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide and Fortify Rights documents the mass atrocities committed against Rohingya by the Burmese military, and details the evidence of genocide against this group.
The report stresses that there are two ways to promote the protection of civilians: accountability, and democracy.
The UN set up a fact-finding mission in 2017 and the mission in its latest report has called for the trial of top military generals of Myanmar for the crimes they committed against Rohingya. The mission report highlighted that accountability is important to not only maintain the law and order but also to avoid any such violations in the future.
The report further read that about 600,000 Rohingya are living in deplorable conditions in Rakhine state subject to the restriction on the movement that touches almost every aspect of their lives. The mission also suggested United Nations Security Council refer Myanmar to the International Criminal Court (ICC) or to set up a tribunal like that of a Yugoslavia and Rwanda.
The report also reiterated its stance for calling the foreign governments and companies to sever the business ties with the military and called on companies to sever the business ties with the military. Earlier, the mission unveiled the genocidal intentions of the Myanmar military against stateless Rohingya.
The UN Mission found that the Myanmar soldiers routinely and systematically employed rape, gang-rape including other violent and forced sexual acts against the women, girls, boys, men, and transgenders in violation of international human rights. The report also documented the cases of forced nudity and sexual abuse of men and boys.
#HRC42 Presentation of oral update by SR, Ms Yanghee Lee, on the situation of #humanrights in #Myanmar, followed by statement of concerned country and interactive dialogue. @YangheeLeeSKKU live on https://t.co/6PWCTAjxDN @UNgeneva #Rohingyas pic.twitter.com/bDvu5fmnT3
— HRC SECRETARIAT (@UN_HRC) September 16, 2019
The penal of independent investigators in its preliminary report as well said that the Myanmar Government has failed to hold anyone accountable adding that the government was responsible under the Genocidal Convention for its failure to probe and punish the acts of genocide.
Hundreds of Rohingya women and girls were raped, with 80 percent of the rapes corroborated by the Fact-Finding Mission being gang rapes. Myanmar’s military was responsible for 82 percent of these gang-rapes, the report further added.