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Important Questions Of Current Affairs

  • The Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) was signed in Karachi on 19 September 1960 by Jawaharlal Nehru and Ayub Khan.
  • The Treaty gives control over the waters of the three “eastern rivers” — the Beas, Ravi, and Sutlej to India, while control over the waters of the three “western rivers” — the Indus, Chenab, and Jhelum to Pakistan.
  • According to the United Nations, nearly 1.8 billion people will live in the region of “absolute water scarcity” by the end of 2025 in South Asia.
  • A recent report by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has ranked Pakistan third among the countries facing acute water shortage.
  • Twelve out of the 17 most water-stressed countries are in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The region is hot and dry, so water supply is low, to begin with, but growing demands have pushed countries further into extreme stress.
  • Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan warns of potential nuclear war over Kashmir in a speech done by him in UN General Assembly’s 74th Session September 27, 2019.
  • The Group of Seven (G7) is an international intergovernmental economic organization consisting of seven major developed countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States, which are the largest IMF-advanced economies in the world.
  • In March 2014 Russia was suspended by G7 members from the political forum G8 following the annexation of Crimea. After the suspension, in January 2017 the Russian Federation decided permanently to leave the G8. It was confirmed in June 2018.
  • In the first week of January 2018, the Trump administration suspended its entire security assistance to Pakistan until Islamabad “proved its commitment to fight all terrorist groups operating in the region”.
  • The Generalised System of Preferences Plus (GSP+) scheme passed smoothly through the European Parliament’s Committee on International Trade (CIT) in February 2018, enabling Pakistani exporters to enjoy preferential duties on exports for the next two years. The continuation of the scheme is an award for Islamabad’s progress in enacting new laws and developing new institutions for implantation of 27 core conventions of GSP+, especially the National Action Plan for human rights.
  • PSO’s Hi-Octane 97 Euro 5 was launched at a grand ceremony held at PSO Service Station-2, Diplomatic Enclave on August 18, 2020.
  • PSO’s Euro 5 standard Hi-Octane 97 RON fuel is available at PSO retail outlets in all major cities across the country.
  • Currently, Minister for Energy is Mr. Omar Ayub Khan and Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Petroleum is Mr. Nadeem Babar.
  • Euro 5 standard fuels minimize the negative impact on our environment owing to a reduction in Sulphur and Benzene content by a staggering 98% and 80% respectively thereby reducing harmful vehicle emissions, providing health benefits, and improving engine performance.
  • PTA has blocked access to five dating/live streaming applications i.e. Tinder, Tagged, Skout, Grindr, and SayHi on September 2, 2020, citing immoral content.
  •  According to August’s statement of Pakistan’s health ministry, the recovery rate of COVID-19 patients has jumped from 92 to 94 percent in the country while the death rate remains at 2.1 percent.
  • Public service message, developed by Xdynamix Media features a team of five superheroes delivering the message of how to prevent the spread of the virus and also protect ourselves and others within our communities.
  • NCOC is the nerve center to synergize and articulate unified national effort against COVID-19, and to implement the decisions of the National Coordination Committee on COVID-19.
  • A character who stands out as one of Pakistan’s first trans animated superheroes called Bijli.
  • Famed poet Fahmida Riaz’s daughter, Veerta Ali Ujan, on September 3, 2020, has declined the presidential award announced by the government for her late mother, in protest against what she called “the state’s kidnapping and torture of journalists and writers.”
  • Born in Meerut in 1946, Fahmida Riaz was among the leading Urdu poets of her time. A relentless social critic, she had been active in several human rights movements and was among those who campaigned against the military rule of General Ziaul Haq and the execution of former Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
  •  Fehmida Riaz passed away on November 21, 2018. She was 72 years old. She authored more than 15 books on fiction and poetry. Her first literary work was published in 1967, titling ‘Pather Ki Zuban’.
  • Saeen Taj Joyo, the father of a Sindhi teacher and activist Sarang Joyo, had also refused the President’s Pride of Performance Award (Nisan-e-Pakistan) on August 16, 2020, due to his son’s sudden disappearance. Sarang Joyo was recently found and was alleged to have been tortured in captivity.
  • Saeen Taj said he took the decision not to receive the presidential award because the Sindhi language was not being given the status of the national language, settling of ‘outsiders’ in Sindh remained unending under a plan and extremism was being “officially patronized” in Sindh to trample over secular values of the province. He further stated that he refused to receive the award because freedom of expression was being curbed.
  • A New York-based global markets research firm, marketcurrentswealthnet.com, in its report published Tuesday(September 1, 2020), also declared the PSX the world’s fourth best-performing market.
  • “Pakistan’s stock market has become the best performer in Asia and the fourth-best-performing stock market in the world,” according to the report, titled Denmark and Pakistan: the surprising stock markets that outperformed in 2020. (2.09.2020).
  • Previously, the Pakistan Stock Exchange had been named as Asia’s best performer in 2016.
  • Pakistan Stock Exchange was attacked by 4 assailants on June 29, 2020.
  • A nuclear watchdog has categorized Pakistan as the “most improved country” in the ranking for countries with weapons-usable nuclear materials.
  • In its 2020 assessment, the Nuclear Security Index said Pakistan’s improvements, because of its passage of new regulations, provide “sustainable security benefits.”
  • Pakistan is a nuclear-armed country since 1998, Pakistan improved its overall score by 7 points, moving to the overall rank of 19.
  • Australia ranks first for the fifth time, Canada and Switzerland tie for second, Germany is fourth, and the Netherlands and Norway tie for fifth. India ranks 20 while China’s ranking remains stable at 14, and has shown no change in its score since 2018.
  • North Korea, which is facing severe UN sanctions due to its nuclear program, ranked lowest in the security index.
  • Based in Washington DC, the NTI assesses countries’ progress on nuclear security, highlights security gaps, and recommends actions to better protect nuclear materials and facilities, and build an effective global nuclear security architecture.
  • According to the Reports by Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago, Bangladesh is the Most Polluted Country Globally.
  • PM announces Rs1.1 trillion ‘historic’ package for Karachi’s transformation on September 5, 2020.
  • Natalia Najam, the Lahore-based science enthusiast, achieved the Guinness World Records title after arranging all elements of the periodic chart in just 2 minutes and 42 seconds on July 18, 2020. She broke the previous record by 7 seconds.
  • Najam accomplished the feat by breaking the record previously held by Indian economics professor Meenakshi Agarwal who completed the same task in 2 minutes and 49 seconds.

 

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